Research Documentation

Working paper submitted by Ireland on behalf of Brazil, Egypt, Ireland, Mexico, New Zealand, South Africa and Sweden as members of the New Agenda Coalition, 2007

Working paper submitted by Ireland on behalf of Brazil,  Egypt, Ireland, Mexico, New Zealand, South Africa and  Sweden as members of the New Agenda Coalition

1. In 1995, the States Parties extended the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty indefinitely and
undertook to make every effort to achieve its universality. The review process of the Treaty was
strengthened and Principles and Objectives for Nuclear Non-Proliferation and Disarmament were
adopted. The resolution on the Middle East was adopted as an integral part of the 1995 package.
2. In 1996, the advisory opinion of the International Court of Justice concluded unanimously that:
“There exists an obligation to pursue in good faith and bring to a conclusion negotiations leading to
nuclear disarmament in all its aspects under strict and effective international control.”
3. The Final Document of the 2000 NPT Review Conference represents a positive step on the road to
nuclear disarmament. In particular, nuclear-weapon States made the unequivocal undertaking to
accomplish the total elimination of their nuclear arsenals and agreed on practical steps to be taken by
them that would lead to nuclear disarmament. To this end, additional steps were necessary to improve
the effectiveness of the strengthened review process for the Treaty.
4. The fact that the 2005 NPT Review Conference failed to agree on a substantive outcome document
containing any measures to strengthen the Treaty, cannot, and does not, affect the validity of
commitments made at these two previous Review Conferences. We believe that such commitments,
freely made in consensus outcome documents, have a particular legitimacy. The outcome of the 2000
Review Conference, in particular, sets out the agreed process for systematic and progressive efforts
towards nuclear disarmament...

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